short lecture at Rangsit university, 2 March 2019
There will be three parts in this short lecture. The first part is about the present of AI. The second part is the implication of AI and the society. The last part is the future of computing. The present AI can be considered as two approaches: symbolic AI and the connectionist. Symbolic AI regards AI system as an intelligent agent where the agent makes decision based on logic and knowledge. The other side of the coin is where it is difficult to apply logic. That is where Connectionist is popular. Connectionist believes that all "intelligence" can be captured in the form of large number of connection of computation nodes. The emphasize is on its topology or the connection between these nodes.
A lot of IT services now employ AI because it can improve system efficiency and provides opportunity for new and innovative services. One of the most popular area is the use of Machine learning. A system with machine learning has very high accuracy and in many tasks it performs better than human. However, it is not easy to explain why AI arrives at a certain decision. As more and more services depend on AI, people need to trust it. AI needs to be transparent and explainable.
AI in the future will require even more computation power than today system. Quantum computers promise exponential increase in computing power. This short lecture will end with the report on the progress on the development of quantum computers and its implication on AI of the future.
Prabhas Chongstitvatana is a professor in the department of computer engineering, Chulalongkorn University. He earned B.Eng. in Electrical Engineering from Kasetsart University, Thailand in 1980 and Ph.D. from the department of artificial intelligence, Edinburgh University, U.K. in 1992. His research involves robotics, evolutionary computation, computer architecture, bioinformatics. He is a lifetime member of Thailand Engineering Institute, senior member of Thai Academy of Science and Technology, senior adviser of Thai Robotics Society, founding member of Thai Embedded System Association and IEEE Robotics and Automation Society. He was the president of ECTI Association of Thailand 2012-2013. He has been awarded "National Distinguished Researcher" by National Research Council of Thailand in 2009. His current interest is in building Quantum computer.